Linux (centos )下Nginx+PHP+MySQL配置——自己的lnmp配置

说明:所有软件都是从官网上下载最新版的stable版本

###################
#
# 获取最新源码包
#
#####################

#建立独立的webserver
#mkdir -pv /usr/local/webserver

#放置源码包的目录
#mkdir -pv /usr/local/webserver/src

#cd /usr/local/webserver/src

## php源代码
#wget http://www.php.net/get/php-5.3.4.tar.bz2/from/tw2.php.net/mirror

##php加速器
#wget http://bart.eaccelerator.net/source/0.9.6.1/eaccelerator-0.9.6.1.tar.bz2

##memcache客户端
#wget http://pecl.php.net/get/memcache-3.0.5.tgz

##memcached服务器端

#wget http://memcached.googlecode.com/files/memcached-1.4.5.tar.gz

## mysql数据库
#wget http://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.1/mysql-5.1.48.tar.gz/from/http://mysql.cdpa.nsysu.edu.tw/

## nginx 最新稳定版
#wget http://www.nginx.org/download/nginx-0.8.54.tar.gz

#下载php-fpm,一个简单健壮的php FastCGI管理工具。这里对应的是php-5.3.X。官网推荐使用svn方式提取

#tar jxvf php-5.3.4.tar.bz2
#cd php-5.3.
#svn co http://svn.php.net/repository/php/php-src/branches/PHP_5_3/sapi/fpm sapi/fpm

(后注:php-5.3.5开始已经集成了fpm,不必再次co)
#查看fpm是否已经检出
#ls sapi/fpm

######################
#
#   安装
#
######################

## 安装mysql 5.5

安装依赖包
依赖的软件类库:
gcc gcc-c++ gcc-g77 autoconf automake zlib* fiex* libxml* ncurses-devel libmcrypt* libtool-ltdl-devel*
#安装gcc
yum -y install gcc*
yum -y  ncurses-devel
#安装cmake
yum install -y cmake.x86_64
#安装bison
yum install -y bison.x86_64 bison-devel.x86_64
cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/webserver/mysql5.5.23 \
-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock \
-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 \
-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci \
-DWITH_EXTRA_CHARSETS:STRING=utf8,gbk \
-DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_MEMORY_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_READLINE=1 \
-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 \
-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql/3306 \
-DMYSQL_USER=mysql \
-DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306
#make
#make install
安装好mysql后,需要设置成服务,主要有my.cnf的配置,设置mysql data目录等,具体根据实际需求

安装依赖包
依赖的软件类库:
gcc gcc-c++ gcc-g77 autoconf automake zlib* fiex* libxml* ncurses-devel libmcrypt* libtool-ltdl-devel*
#安装gccyum -y install gcc*
#安装cmakeyum install -y cmake.x86_64
#安装bisonyum install -y bison.x86_64 bison-devel.x86_64

cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/webserver/mysql5.5.23 \-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock \-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 \-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci \-DWITH_EXTRA_CHARSETS:STRING=utf8,gbk \-DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \-DWITH_MEMORY_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \-DWITH_READLINE=1 \-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 \-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql/3306 \-DMYSQL_USER=mysql \-DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306

## 安装php

##安装php的时候可能很多组件都会缺失,可以直接用yum安装这些缺失的组件


yum install gd gd-devel.x86_64

yum install libjpeg libjpeg-devel

yum install -y libxml2-devel.x86_64 xml2

yum install -y openssl openssl-devel

yum install libmcrypt-devel.x86_64 libmcrypt.x86_64 curl-devel.x86_64 curl.x86_64


# ./configure –prefix=/usr/local/webserver/php –with-config-file-path=/usr/local/webserver/php/etc –with-gd –with-mysql=/usr/local/webserver/mysql –enable-mbstring –with-curl –with-mcrypt –with-zlib –with-mhash   –enable-fpm –enable-pcntl –enable-sysvsem –enable-shmop –with-jpeg-dir=/usr  –with-iconv-dir=/usr/local

#make

#make install

注意:若编译的时候出现 iconv.c:1017: undefined reference to `libiconv_open’可以采取下列措施:

【我的方法】

NOTE: For centos >= 5.4 iconv-devel is provided by glibc

libiconv包含在glibc里,所以安装glic类库即可

#yum install -y glibc-devel.x86_64

【网上的方法】

解决方法:
#wget http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.13.1.tar.gz
#tar -zxvf libiconv-1.13.1.tar.gz
#cd libiconv-1.13.1
# ./configure –prefix=/usr/local/libiconv
# make
# make install

再在php configure的时候添加 –with-iconv=/usr/local/libiconv

据说还有以下两种办法(没有试过):

A: 編輯 Makefile 大約 77 行左右的地方:
EXTRA_LIBS = ….. -lcrypt
在最後加上 -liconv,例如:
EXTRA_LIBS = ….. -lcrypt -liconv
再运行make就可以了。


B:
#make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS=’-liconv’
#make install

安装memcache 客户端

具体安装详细参见: http://www.php.net/manual/en/memcache.installation.php

#tar zxvf memcache-3.0.5.tgz
#cd memcache-3.0.5/
#/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize
#./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config
#生成   /usr/local/webserver/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20090626/memcach.so
#make && make install

安装memcached 服务器端

#tar zxvf
# ./configure –prefix=/usr/local/webserver/memcached
#make && make install

#启动memcached
#/usr/local/webserver/memcached -d -m 256 -u root

安装ea

#cd /usr/local/webserver/src/eaccelerator-0.9.6.1
#/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize  #### 使用生成configure文件
# ./configure –enable-eaccelerator=shared –with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config
#生成   /usr/local/webserver/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20090626/eaccelerator.so

安装nginx

# nginx需要pcre库
#yum install pcre-devel

# 对https需要 安装ssl
#yum install openssl openssl-devel

#cd nginx-0.8.54
#./configure
#make
#make install

配置

server {
listen       80;
server_name  www.abc.com;
charset utf-8;
access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;
location / {
root   /home/nginx;
index  index.html index.htm index.php;
index index.php;
if (-f $request_filename/index.html){
rewrite (.*) $1/index.html break;
}
if (-f $request_filename/index.php){
rewrite (.*) $1/index.php;
}
if (!-f $request_filename){
rewrite (.*) /index.php;
}

}

error_page  404              /404.html;

# redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
#
error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root   html;

}

# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
#
location ~ \.php$ {
fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
fastcgi_index  index.php;
fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /home/nginx/$fastcgi_script_name;
include        fastcgi_params;
}

# deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache’s document root
# concurs with nginx’s one
#
location ~ /\.ht {
deny  all;
}
}

######################################

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